July 6, 2022 What causes a heart attack

What causes a heart attack? Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Heart attack also known as Myocardial infarction an extremely dangerous condition which is caused by lack of blood flow to your heart muscle. Lack of blood can occur due to any reason but the main reason is that it is related to blockage in one or more of your heart’s arteries.

Without blood flow, the affected heart muscle will begin to die. The affected heart muscle will begin to die if there is no blood flow.. If blood flow isn’t restored quickly, a heart attack can cause permanent heart damage and death.

What causes heart attack?

The major heart attack happens because of blockage in one of the blood vessels that supply your heart and it happens often because of plaque, a sticky substance that can build up on the insides of your arteries and that buildup is called atherosclerosis.

Heart attack are possible also without a blockage but this case is rare and happen in 5% of all heart attacks and this occur because of these reasons:

Spasm of the artery: Your blood vessels have a muscle lining that allows them to become wider or narrower as needed. These muscles can twitch or spasm at times, cutting off blood flow to the heart muscle.

Rare medical conditions: Any disease that causes unusual narrowing of blood vessels is an example of this.

Trauma:An eating disorder can cause heart damage and eventually result in a heart attack. This includes coronary artery tears or ruptures. Obstruction originating elsewhere in the body: An embolism is a blood clot or air bubble that becomes trapped in a coronary artery.

Eating disorders: From a time an eating disorder can cause damage to your heart and ultimately result in a heart attack.

Who is at the risk most?

There are many key factors of having a heart attack but that too isn’t in your control. Some of the factors are:

  1. Age and sex
  2. Family history of heart disease
  3. Lifestyle
  4. Any health condition or any disease

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Age and Sex: Heart disease increases as your age increases and it is affected by the sex of the person when your rate of heart disese increase:

Men: Increases at the age of 45
Women: Increase at the age of 50 or after the menopause.

Family History: Any parents or any siblings having a history of heart disease or heart attack especially at a very young age have a great risk and it happens because:

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  1. Your father or a brother who was diagnosed with heart disease at age 55 or younger.
  2. Your mother or a sister who was diagnosed with heart disease at age 65 or younger.

Lifestyle: A person who choose their own lifestyle can als affect your heart attack risk which includes:

  1. Lack of physical activity.
  2. A diet high in sodium, sugar and fat.
  3. Smoking or tobacco use
  4. Drinking too much alcohol.
  5. Drug abuse

Other Disease and Symptoms: This health disease can increase the risk of heart attack which includes:

  1. Diabetes
  2. Obesity
  3. High blood pressure (hypertension)
  4. High cholesterol (hyperlipidemia)
  5. Eating disorders

Other Disease and Symptoms: This health disease can increase the risk of heart attack which includes:

Symptoms:

  1. Chest pain and this symptom can be mild and feel like discomfort or heaviness, or it can be severe and feel like crushing pain. It may start in your chest and spread to other areas like your both arms , shoulder, neck, jaw, back or down toward your waist
  2. Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  3. Nausea or stomach discomfort. Heart attacks can often be mistaken for indigestion
  4. Heart palpitations
  5. Anxiety
  6. Sweating
  7. Feeling lightheaded, dizzy or passing out

Medications:

  1. Anti-clotting medications: Aspirin and other blood-thinning medications fall into this category.
  2. Nitroglycerin: This medication is used to treat chest pain. It is also a potent vasodilator, which means it causes blood vessels to dilate, allowing blood to flow more easily.
  3. Thrombolytic (clot-busting) medications: These intravenous (IV) medications break down and dissolve blood clots. These medications are typically only used within the first 12 hours following a heart attack.
  4. Anti-arrhythmia medications: Arrhythmias, which are irregularities in your heart’s normal beating rhythm, are frequently caused by heart attacks. Some arrhythmias are potentially fatal. These malfunctions can be stopped or prevented with anti-arrhythmia medications.
  5. Pain medications: Morphine is the most commonly used pain reliever during heart attack treatment. This may help relieve chest pain.

For precaution, we can use BUY KORANDIL 10MG which helps to prevent angina pectoris ( chest pain in heart) in adults who are unable to take BP pills.

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