August 19, 2022 uncerative colitis

What is Ulcerative Colitis? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Ulcerative Colitis

It is relatively a long-term condition that causes inflammation in the colon and is a form of inflammatory bowel disease ( IBD) which is similar to Crohn’s disease. Gastro medicine can also be taken for it in beginning.

Symptoms 

  1. Diarrhea 
  2. Stools become progressively looser
  3. Abdominal pain with cramps and severe urge to go to the bathroom 
  4. Can spread to inflammation
  5. Bloody diarrhea with mucus 
  6. Fatigue or tiredness
  7. Weight loss
  8. Loss of appetite
  9. Anemia 
  10. Elevated temperature 
  11. Dehydration 

Types of  Ulcerative Colitis

1. Ulcerative proctitis:

It affects only the end of the colon or the rectum.

Symptoms: 

  • Rectal bleeding 
  • Rectal pain 
  • Inability to pass stools despite many urges 

2. Proctosigmoiditis:

It involves the rectum and sigmoid colon which is at the lower end of the colon.

Symptoms: 

  • Bloody diarrhea 
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal pains
  • Constant urge to pass stool 

3. Left side colitis:

It affects the rectum and the left side of the sigmoid and descending colon.

Symptoms:

  • bloody diarrhea
  • abdominal cramping on the left side
  • weight loss

4.  Pancolitis:

It affects the whole colon.

Symptoms:

  • occasionally severe, bloody diarrhea
  • abdominal pain and cramps
  • fatigue
  • considerable weight loss

5. Fulminant colitis:

A rare, potentially life-threatening form of colitis that only affects the whole colon. It can present a risk of colon rupture and toxic megacolon which causes the colon to become severely distended. Symptoms are:

  • Severe pain and diarrhea 
  • Dehydration and shock 

Causes 

Genetic factors: 

According to a researcher, people with ulcerative colitis are likely to have some genetic features which may affect the age at which the disease can appear. 

Environment: 

Environmental factors which may affect the onset of ulcerative colitis are diet, air pollution, and smoke

Risk factors

  • Age: Ulcerative colitis can affect people of any age but it is more common between 15–30 years of age. 
  • Ethnicity: White people and those of Ashkenazi Jewish descent have a higher risk of developing the condition of ulcerative colitis
  • Genetics:  recent studies have identified specific genes that may play a role in ulcerative colitis but the link is unclear due to the role of environmental factors.

Diagnosis 

A doctor will ask for the history and the symptoms and if any close relative has ulcerative colitis, IBD, or Crohn’s disease. They will sign if one has anemia, a low iron level in the blood, and many more. Some tests will be run, such as blood tests, stool tests, and X – X-rays, and many more. 

Treatment

The disease can range from mild to severe but still, it needs treatment. Most people will receive outpatient treatment in which out of 5 1 need to stay in hospital. Treatment will mainly focus on maintaining remission to prevent further symptoms and managing a flare until symptoms which go into remission. You can buy balacol 750 mg capsule online after consulting a doctor which helps in treatment. 

Natural remedies: 

  • Probiotics: A review suggests some probiotics may help manage IBD. 
  • Herbal remedies: Some herbal remedies may help reduce symptoms and manage the condition. Examples include aloe vera gel and wheatgrass juice.
  • Fruits and other plant-based foods: Some research says that ingredients naturally present in blueberries, black raspberries, cocoa, Indian quince, green tea, grapes, olive oil, and Indian gooseberries may have a beneficial effect.
  • Spices: Ginger, Garlic, turmeric. Saffron and many others can help with IBD symptoms. 

Diet: 

Some diets can help in relieving symptoms which include:

  • eating smaller, more regular meals, such as five or six small meals per day
  • drinking plenty of fluids, especially water, to prevent dehydration
  • avoiding caffeine and alcohol, which can both increase diarrhea
  • avoiding sodas, which can increase gas
  • keeping a food diary to identify which foods make symptoms worse

Some doctors refer to a specific diet depending on symptoms which is:

  • a low-fiber diet
  • a lactose-free diet
  • a low-fat diet
  • a low salt diet

Lifestyle:

  • Education: More the person knows about a health condition, the more in control they tend to feel. Learning about ulcerative colitis can help in anxiety and lead to effective coping and management techniques
  • Exercise: Some research suggests that aerobic exercise may have an anti-inflammatory effect, which could benefit people with ulcerative colitis.  Check with a healthcare professional before changing an exercise routine, however, 20% of participants with ulcerative colitis. 
  • Mindfulness: 37 people with ulcerative colitis engaged in a mindfulness-based intervention that involved four online therapy and four face-to-face sessions. After 6 months, the participants had lower markers of inflammation than the 20 participants who did not have the sessions.

Complications 

Possibilities complications of this disease can range from a lack of nutrients to potentially fatal bleeding from the rectum. Complications may include: 

  • Colorectal cancer: If the symptoms are severe or extensive, increases the risk of developing colon cancer. 
  • Toxic Megacolon: It occurs in a few cases of severe disease. In this gas becomes trapped, causing the colon to swell. When this occurs, there is a risk of colon rupture, septicemia, and shock.

Other Complications: 

  • inflammation of the skin, joints, and eyes
  • liver disease
  • osteoporosis
  • perforated colon
  • severe bleeding
  • severe dehydration

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